Study: Flowering time in simulated seasons
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Two independent experiments were conducted in this study. Experiment 1 was done with a mapping population of 360 accessions (33), and Experiment 2 used a set of 473 accessions. Each accession in each experiment had four replicates under each of the four growth conditions (two planting seasons by two locations). Both experiments were conducted in two walk-in growth chambers (AR-916, Percival Scientific) that were programmed to cycle the local climates every 5 min from the simulated weather files. The simulated climates were generated by using SolarCalc (35) with sunrise and sunset, light spectrum, temperature, and relative humidity programmed to cycle throughout the day and the season according to 1975?2000 averages (Fig. S5). One chamber was simulating Spain (latitude 41.72091, longitude 2.957075) starting from March 1, and the other chamber was simulating Sweden (latitude 55.71226, longitude 13.207352) starting from May 1st on the first day when plants were put into the chambers.

Phenotype NameTrait Ontology (TO)Environmental Ontoloy (EO)Unit Ontology (UO)# values
Area sweden 2009 (1st experiment)square centimeter456
SizePlantingSummer2009dimensionless unit449
Size sweden 2009 (2nd experiment)centimeter430
SizePlantingSummerLocSweden2009dimensionless unit419
Area sweden 2009 (2nd experiment)square centimeter474
DTF sweden 2008 (1st experiment)days to flowering traitday360
Yield sweden 2009 (2nd experiment)seed weightgram335
SizeLocSweden2009dimensionless unit469
DTFplantingSummerLocSweden2009days to flowering traitdimensionless unit478
DTFlocSweden2008days to flowering traitdimensionless unit359
DTFlocSweden2009days to flowering traitdimensionless unit479
DTF spain 2009 (1st experiment)days to flowering traitday480
DTFplantingLoc2008days to flowering traitdimensionless unit358
DTF spain 2009 (2nd experiment)days to flowering traitday480
Yield spain 2009 (2nd experiment)seed weightgram346
Size sweden 2009 (1st experiment)centimeter470
Yield spain 2009 (1st experiment)seed weightgram394
DTFmainEffect2009days to flowering traitdimensionless unit480
DTFmainEffect2008days to flowering traitdimensionless unit359
Size spain 2009 (2nd experiment)centimeter444