Study: Flowering time in simulated seasons
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Two independent experiments were conducted in this study. Experiment 1 was done with a mapping population of 360 accessions (33), and Experiment 2 used a set of 473 accessions. Each accession in each experiment had four replicates under each of the four growth conditions (two planting seasons by two locations). Both experiments were conducted in two walk-in growth chambers (AR-916, Percival Scientific) that were programmed to cycle the local climates every 5 min from the simulated weather files. The simulated climates were generated by using SolarCalc (35) with sunrise and sunset, light spectrum, temperature, and relative humidity programmed to cycle throughout the day and the season according to 1975?2000 averages (Fig. S5). One chamber was simulating Spain (latitude 41.72091, longitude 2.957075) starting from March 1, and the other chamber was simulating Sweden (latitude 55.71226, longitude 13.207352) starting from May 1st on the first day when plants were put into the chambers.

Phenotype NameTrait Ontology (TO)Environmental Ontoloy (EO)Unit Ontology (UO)# values
YieldPlantingSummerLocSweden2009seed weightdimensionless unit367
YieldPlantingSummer2009seed weightgram396
YieldMainEffect2009seed weightdimensionless unit466
YieldLocSweden2009seed weightdimensionless unit434
Yield sweden 2009 (2nd experiment)seed weightgram335
Yield sweden 2009 (1st experiment)seed weightgram401
Yield spain 2009 (2nd experiment)seed weightgram346
Yield spain 2009 (1st experiment)seed weightgram394
SizePlantingSummerLocSweden2009dimensionless unit419
SizePlantingSummer2009dimensionless unit449
SizeMainEffect2009dimensionless unit478
SizeLocSweden2009dimensionless unit469
Size sweden 2009 (2nd experiment)centimeter430
Size sweden 2009 (1st experiment)centimeter470
Size spain 2009 (2nd experiment)centimeter444
Size spain 2009 (1st experiment)centimeter475
DTFplantingSummerLocSweden2009days to flowering traitdimensionless unit478
DTFplantingSummer2009days to flowering traitdimensionless unit478
DTFplantingSummer2008days to flowering traitdimensionless unit359
DTFplantingLoc2008days to flowering traitdimensionless unit358